Landscaping techniques that every architect should know
As much as landscaping is commonly related to the aesthetics of squares and parks, its function goes far beyond the decoration of public spaces. Landscaping techniques are used to create complete environments, making people’s experience there much more pleasurable.
The landscape architect creates, recomposes, recovers and adapts places based on geographic, botanical, architectural, cultural and ecological knowledge. The idea is to organize the landscape in a sustainable, aesthetically beautiful and functional way for a better use.
Spaces that bring more naturalness to the day by day improve the quality of the air, increase the humidity and favor the sensation of well-being, as well as boost concentration and relaxation. For these and others, the landscaping techniques are of great importance for the professionals of architecture who want to print their differential in the market.
In this post we separate landscaping techniques that can be used in any environment, both external and internal, and that will certainly help you to design incredible gardens or green areas.
Landscaping in outdoor gardens
KNOW IN DEPTH THE CHARACTERISTICS
When designing a garden or even environments with plants in pots, the first step is to understand the characteristics that involve the project, such as the place where the garden will be executed, the frequency of rainfall on site, the incidence of sunlight, the humidity of the environment and even the type of soil to be used when planting.
Thus, it is easier to know the type of plant that best fits the environment, ensuring the health of the garden. Without this information, it is very likely that your project will go through some difficulties and incompatibilities that may even lead to the death of some (or all) plants and flowers.
This tip is also valid for projects of adaptation and decoration of environments that already have the presence of green. It is important to evaluate the characteristics of the vasinhos and their respective plants and flowers so that, if they are allocated in inadequate places, they can be transferred to other places. Many times, only the change of room (and, consequently, of climatic conditions) already improves the health of the plant.
PLANT IN POTS
The use of pots is an interesting option for those who will cultivate both inside and outside the house. The great advantage of this alternative is that, unlike conventional gardens, pots can be easily moved. Moreover, the use of vases allows greater flexibility in decoration, since they can be found in the most different colors, sizes, textures, shapes and different materials.
As for materials, the choice can be based on the style of the rest of the furniture in the house or on the customer’s profile. Even though the most traditional options are ceramic, you can also choose metallic materials or reused wood pieces, such as pallets.
BET ON BENCHES AND TABLES
Having a garden at home is a privilege that should be made the most of. Having benches and tables in the project makes it possible for the family to enjoy the garden more fully. In this way, the space becomes an incredible place to have longer meals and gather several people, as well as a quiet and cool place to read and relax.
With the right furniture, the environment is no longer just decorative, but really part of people’s lives. But be careful: you must be careful when choosing furniture materials. Tables and outside benches need to be made of materials that resist the sun and rain. Wood and iron are good examples that fall very well with the bucolic aspect of the garden.
Still following the idea of integrating residents and garden, a good request is to have a way for everyone to enjoy the place without trampling the plants. Longer, the wavy paths create a beautiful look, exposing all the cultivated species.
These paths can be made of loose stones, ceramic material or continuous cement. The important thing is that they are accessible and that plants with thorns or pointed leaves are not too close to the place of passage so as not to hurt those who pass through there.
PAY ATTENTION TO THE FLOORS
Like all other elements of the gardens, the floors also deserve attention and should not be made of any material. Remember that as the coverings are exposed to the weather, they can end up giving in if they are not of quality. It is worth betting on materials such as wood, stones or even the composition of more than one type of material.
It is recommended that the floor under the chairs and tables be reinforced, since it is an area of great circulation, being inevitable to transform the grass into clay in a few months without a proper covering. The floor solves this problem, keeping the place looking cleaner and more conserved, not to mention easier to clean.
APPLY DIVERSE TEXTURES
One of the most used landscaping techniques is the use of different textures. When designing a garden, it is possible to combine foliage, stones, vases, furniture, fabrics and much more. All this makes the project, rich in textures, compatible with the rest of the house and also with the client’s style.
More rustic gardens, for example, can combine with thicker foliage and wooden benches, while more modern gardens can benefit from metal furniture and colorful flowers. Of course, as with any architectural project, landscaping does not follow a single rule. The final product will depend on the designer’s ability, who can even choose to mix rustic and contemporary concepts in one environment.